Small Loans for Self-Employed
Self-employed like to work in a team
Lending to the self-employed is becoming increasingly difficult, and this is also due to their income: the self-employed like to work in a team; ideally you should have some initial practical experience on the capital market or in similar areas. For the total expenditure (from 2014) of reunification including social benefits, the estimates range from 1.3 to 2.0 billion USD, which increase annually by around 100 billion USD.
This includes pension payments, unemployment benefits and expenses for government officials and workers in the new years.
According to the IWH, the net transfer costs from 1990 to 2003 amounted to around 950 billion in Germany. 6] Since 2003, USD 75 billion can be expected per year. However, it should be borne in mind that such transfers are also widespread for structurally weak regions in the old federal states.
When the Saltenrts was founded in 1990, it was assumed that the proceeds from the sale of the companies would exceed their acquisition costs. The opening balance on June 1, 1990 of 1992 predicts a loss of USD 210 billion. 19 With a volume of USD 25.5 billion at the end of 1990. 13] In 1992 the monetary equalization fund was incorporated so that the debt rose to USD 91.7 billion.
The unification fund, founded in 1990, is intended to promote investment projects in the infrastructure of eastern Germany. Originally, USD 115 billion were planned, by 1994 the total volume had been increased to USD 162 billion. It was financed by the state (USD 50 billion), the federal states (USD 16 billion) and by outside capital (USD 95 billion).
The federal states contributed a portion of the sales tax (“USD 2.5 billion per year”). 13] Yesterday, the fund was liquidated and the remaining debt of USD 38.3 billion (USD 75 billion) was transferred to the total federal debt in the state budget.
The expenses for the association are financed below: In addition to the association, the financial contributions for the Gulf War were also cited as reasons for the decision. A large part of the expenditures for the unification of Germany was financed through increased primary debt. The budget deficits rose from USD 28 billion in 1989 to USD 120 billion in 1990 and USD 154 billion in 1993. The funds were raised mainly in the secondary budgets.
Reunification made zone border funding
The total debt increased in 1990 from 1.2 to 1.8 billion marks in 1993 and 2 billion marks in 1995.   A part of the external funds from the special fund (especially the external funds of the trust) was transferred to the remission relief fund in 1995. You participated directly in the Solidarity Pact. Between 1991 and 1993, the EU provided USD 2 billion each for the new federal states. In addition, the new federal states have also qualified for the usual EU funding programs. Reunification made zone border funding, Berlin funding (including the Berlin bonus) and welcome money (1988: USD 280 million, 1989: USD 2-4 billion) unnecessary in the new federal states.
These included the free purchase of political prisoners (USD 3 billion until 1989), a transitional flat rate (USD 524 million for 1989) and interest-free loans for German-German businesses.
This reduced investments in the troops in the western part of NATO, which were spent on national security, border guards and the NVA. The expenditure amounts to around USD 0.95 to 2.00 billion. 30] The estimates for the individual years are shown in the following overview: In fact, the investment and construction costs amount to around 300 billion E. The investment and construction costs amount to around 300 billion E. Instructions for the German-speaking Union, 1949-1989 -1999. Campus Verlag, 1999 (online). Gerhart A. Ritter: The cost factor of USDpean investment. CH Beck, Bremerhaven, Germany, German science services of the Bundestag: promoting the promotion of German unity. the German Research Foundation.